Deepest Lakes In The World: A lake is a region that is filled with water. It is located within a basin, enclosed by land, and isolated from all rivers or any other outlet to either feed or drain the water. They can be found all over and in mountainous regions basins, glacial melt zones as well as rift zone.
Bathymetry is the research of the depth of oceans or lake floors, a geophysical science that is part of the scope of hydrography. It is the equivalent of topography in the ocean. Contour lines are used to depict and analyze the physical characteristics of the bodies of water, ranging from lakes to oceans.
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List Of 10 Deepest Lakes In The World
1. Baikal (5387 feet) Russia
It was discovered in 1643. Lake Baikal is one of the oldest and deepest lakes in the world. The lake is also among the biggest freshwater lake, in terms of volume, and contains around twenty percent frozen surface freshwater.
According to Wikipedia Baikal’s average depth Baikal of 5369 feet with the maximum depth being more than 6800 feet. Baikal has more than 1500 species of animals and plants including the freshwater seal as well as the Siberian Sturgeon.
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2. Tanganyika (4823 feet) Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Zambia
The lake is shared by Tanzania, Burundi, Zambia as well as Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lake Tanganyika is one of Africa’s Great Lakes, a series of rift lakes situated on the eastern side of Africa’s continent.
Tanganyika is the home of a staggering amount of species of fish that are native to the region and is a source of food for the more than 10 million inhabitants who reside in the region.
3. Caspian Sea (3363 feet) Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan
As one of the biggest and deepest lakes in the world, it is clear it is this is because the Caspian Sea stretches not only to two or three countries, but also covers five areas: Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan. In all, the Caspian Sea holds a plethora of records-breaking titles.
Not only is it the largest lake in the world as well as the largest saline lake, largest enclosed basin, and the third-deepest lake in the globe. The Caspian Sea is 3,363 feet, or 1,025 meters deep. Despite the name, it is not a sea.
The Caspian Sea isn’t a sea. Its vast surface as well as its nerve-wracking depth and high salinity are all considered a sea. However, since it’s an enclosed basin, it’s in the lake.
4. Vostok (3300 feet) Antarctica
Vostok is the fourth in the list of top 10 deepest lakes in the world, having an average deep of 3300 feet. It was first discovered in the hands of Russian researchers and is the center of many research projects since.
Vostok is famous for its position as the location of the site of a Russian research station, where in the year 1990, scientists made a hole through the ice to reach the lake’s surface for the first time. Since then, they’ve been studying the unique ecosystem, and its possible impacts on astrobiology and the search for life beyond Earth.
5. O’Higgins-San Martin (2742 feet) Chile – Argentina Aysen (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina)
Argentina and Chile are neighbors although each is referred to by an individual name. Both sides are named for their respective countries’ liberation heroes.
The shape of the lake is an eight-armed spider and is known for its blue-milky hue that is derived from a large amount of rock flour, and tiny particles of sediment that are dissolved in the water.
6. Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa (2,316) Mozambique, Malawi, and Tanzania
An additional African Great Lake, Lake Malawi is part of Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Malawi is meromictic water which means it has layers that don’t mix, which creates zones of water that have distinct temperatures, salinity, and levels of oxygen.
Because of these drastically different ecosystems, Lake Malawi is home to an astounding number of fish species. More than 15% of all freshwater fish species on Earth are residents of the lake.
7. Issyk Kul (2192) Kyrgyzstan
With an average deep of 2192 feet or 668 meters, the Issyk-Kul lake located in Kyrgyzstan is the seventh largest lake deep in the globe. Issyk-Kul is classified as saline and is an enclosed lake that has a high salt content.
It’s the second-largest salt lake after its the counterpart, the Caspian Sea, and the second-largest mountain lake. Issyk-Kul is located at an altitude of 5,270 feet or 1 606 meters within the Tien Shan mountains.
8. Great Slave (2105) Canada – Northwest Territories
The Great Slave Lake is located in Canada’s Northwest Territories, and it is the deepest lake in North America. It is also the eighth-deepest worldwide, with an average depth of 2015. It was named by Explorer David Thompson after the Slave who helped him with his explorations.
The lake covers 27,200 square kilometers of land and is home to numerous fish species, including northerly pike and walleye as well as Lake trout. It is also a favorite destination for anglers and boaters who enjoy a leisurely trip.
9. Crater (1949 feet) United States – Oregon
It is ranked as the 9th in the list of 10 largest and deepest lakes in the world located in the central region of south Oregon of the western United States goes down to 594 meters or 1,943 feet deep and is one of the deepest lakes in the U.S.
The lake’s water is famous for its stunning blue hue is derived directly from rain or snow. There are no entry points from waterways or other sources. It is believed as the ninth deepest in the world.
10. Matano (1936 feet) Indonesia – South Sulawesi
Matano is one of the caldera lakes in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Its depth is 36 feet, It is believed that it was have been formed about 4 million years ago. The name Matano is derived from the language of locals “ma,” meaning “water,” and “tano,” meaning “big.”
The lake is home to a variety of species of fish, which includes those of the Matano loach (Schismatogobius matses) that are found only in the lake. Matano is also among the largest lakes in Indonesia and is designated as a natural reserve.