Portable air conditioners provide an efficient and cost-effective means of cooling a room during hot summer days. Their main function is drawing warm air out of a room, cooling it, and then discharging that cool air back into it – providing effective room cooling during those scorching summer nights!
Portable air conditioners may not replace traditional climate control systems, but they can still help provide relief in rooms where air seems to remain sticky no matter how often or hard you try running the AC unit.
Our Old House Reviews Team explores their uses as we provide information on their functions as well as the pros and cons of portable ACs.
How Portable Air Conditioners Work?
Portable air conditioner units differ significantly from ductless mini-split systems, which offer an alternative to central AC.
Ductless mini-splits feature an outdoor component and an evaporative cooler powered by fans and water pumps; their negative pressure airflow operation draws hot air from inside rooms into compressor-condenser coil units before returning it into circulation again as cool air.
Portable air conditioners work by using a combination of air circulation, refrigeration, and condensation to cool the air in a room. Here’s a simplified breakdown of how they operate:
1. Air Intake:
Portable air conditioners take in warm air from the room through a fan mechanism.
This warm air is drawn into the unit and directed over coils.
2. Refrigeration Cycle:
Inside the unit, there is a closed-loop system containing a refrigerant, which is a substance with a low boiling point.
The warm air passes over coils containing the refrigerant. As the refrigerant absorbs heat from the air, it evaporates, turning it into a gas.
3. Heat Absorption:
The heat from the warm air is absorbed by the evaporating refrigerant, causing the air to cool down.
4. Exhausting Hot Air:
The now-heated refrigerant in gas form is pumped outside the unit through an exhaust hose.
This hose is typically installed through a window, a vent, or another designated opening to expel the hot air outside.
As the refrigerant releases heat outside, it returns to a liquid state.
During the cooling process, moisture from the air condenses on the coils. This condensed water is collected and usually stored in a reservoir or expelled through a self-evaporative system.
6. Circulating Cooled Air:
The cooled air is then circulated back into the room, helping to lower the overall temperature.
Types of Portable Air Conditioners
There are two types of Portable Air Conditioners:
- Single Hose
- Dual Hose
Single Hose vs. Dual Hose
|Single Hose Portable AC
|Dual Hose Portable AC
|Number of Hoses
|Uses a single hose for both intake and exhaust.
|Has two hoses: one for intake and one for exhaust.
|Draws warm air from the room for cooling and then expels it outside.
|Uses one hose for intake of air from the outside and one for expelling warm air outside, maintaining better air circulation within the room.
|May draw in some warm air from outside, reducing overall efficiency.
|Generally more efficient as it uses separate hoses for intake and exhaust, preventing the unit from pulling in warm outside air.
|Can be slightly less efficient in extremely hot conditions.
|Tends to provide better cooling performance, especially in high-temperature environments.
|Simpler installation with only one hose to deal with.
|Installation may be a bit more complex due to the presence of two hoses, but it’s manageable.
|Easier to set up and vent through a window.
|May require a more careful setup for both hoses to be vented properly.
|Can be slightly less energy-efficient in certain conditions.
|Generally more energy-efficient, providing better overall cooling.
|Suitable for smaller spaces or occasional use.
|Better suited for larger spaces or situations where optimal cooling is essential.
Portable Air Conditioner Efficiency:
Understanding how efficient portable air conditioners (PAC) operate depends on several variables; understanding these considerations will enable users to make educated choices regarding their cooling needs.
Below are key aspects related to portable AC efficiency that may assist users:
1. Energy Efficiency:
Keep an eye out for two energy-related acronyms when purchasing a portable air conditioning unit: BTUs and EER.
BTU Rating (Cooling Capacity):
British Thermal Units (BTUs) indicate the cooling capacity of an air conditioner. Higher BTU ratings generally mean a higher cooling capacity. It’s crucial to choose a PAC with an appropriate BTU rating for the size of the room you intend to cool.
EER Rating (Energy Efficiency Rating):
Energy Efficiency Rating, or EER, was devised by the U.S. Department of Energy as an efficiency standard to assess air conditioners operating at 95 degrees Fahrenheit outdoor temperature. An 8.2-star rating indicates an above-average air conditioner while higher ratings reflect greater energy savings.
2. Room Size:
The effectiveness of a portable air conditioner is closely tied to the size of the room it is cooling. An undersized unit may struggle to cool a larger space, while an oversized unit could cycle on and off frequently, leading to energy inefficiency.
3. Insulation and Sealing:
Insulation and sealing in a room have an enormous effect on the efficiency of portable air conditioners (PAC). Better-insulated and sealed rooms help the PAC function more effectively by holding in cool air better; in turn resulting in lower cooling bills for all involved.
4. Single and Dual Hose: Which Option Suits Your Needs Best?
Dual-hose portable air conditioners often outshone single-hose units when it comes to efficiency. Dual hose units feature separate intake and exhaust hoses that prevent warm outdoor air from infiltrating into their units thus increasing overall cooling effectiveness.
5. Temperature and Humidity Levels in the Environment:
Both ambient temperature and humidity can influence how efficiently portable air conditioners perform in their respective environments. Extreme high temperatures or humidity can put unnecessary strain on units and compromise their functionality and efficiency.
6. Maintenance: Our Filters Need Maintenance Too:
Filter maintenance, such as regularly inspecting or changing, is critical for optimal performance of any system. Clogged filters reduce airflow, making the unit work harder while simultaneously decreasing efficiency.
Pros & Cons:
Portable air conditioners are popular, efficient and cooling; but are they worth investing in? Below are their primary advantages and drawbacks.
- Mobility: Portable air conditioners are built for convenience and versatility. Homeowners can quickly cool a specific area without investing in permanent installation costs.
- Portable air conditioners offer much better value than central AC systems in terms of affordability and portability.
- Portable air conditioners make installation quick and painless: unlike other AC systems, portable units can be set up quickly with minimal effort required to complete.
- Year-Round Operation: Portable units may provide year-round operation by acting as air conditioners, heaters, or dehumidifiers based on what your needs may be.
- Control by Phone: Some air conditioner brands sell portable air conditioners equipped with Wi-Fi-enabled thermostats which you can monitor and manage from anywhere via mobile app.
- Limited Cooling Capacity: Portable ACs are generally easy to move from room to room, providing cooling where needed.
- Less Efficient Than Window Units: Portable ACs may be less efficient in cooling compared to window units or central air conditioning systems.
- Noise Levels: Some portable ACs can be noisy, which may be a concern, especially in bedrooms or quiet environments.
- Space Considerations: They take up floor space, and the unit must be positioned near a window for exhaust hose installation.
- Limited Coverage: Best suited for small to medium-sized rooms; may struggle in larger or poorly insulated spaces.
- Condensate Management: Units with internal reservoirs require regular emptying, and some may not effectively evaporate condensate.
- External Venting: Requires a window or external opening for proper venting, which can be challenging in certain settings.
- Environmental Impact: Depending on the energy source, they may have a higher carbon footprint than more permanent solutions.
Portable air conditioners can be an efficient, cost-effective and hassle-free option to cool one room or smaller spaces quickly – their lightweight construction allows easy transport without permanent installations needed for cooling systems like central air.
Portable air conditioners should never be seen as a replacement to central AC or HVAC units as they cannot cool an entire home effectively. Furthermore, portable ACs tend to be more costly to run than their counterparts while not offering as much cooling capacity for larger areas.
Before selecting the ideal portable air conditioner for your home, it’s essential that all factors be carefully evaluated.