The present era has seen the emergence of a rising number of mobile applications which although are quite useful, could still not scale up to the usefulness of web-based applications.
These web-based applications provide beyond a similar functionality to the mobile apps wherein they are also capable of handling multiple types of data requests.
The web development that is involved in creating web-based apps relies on the use of high-end technologies that are scalable. These are coupled together with various other technology stacks to serve multiple purposes.
Thus, choosing these technologies carefully is crucial because these stacks determine the feasibility of the application’s interface, features, and overall functionality. The use of proper technology also affects the market reach of your web-based application apart from its success.
Types Of Web Development Stacks
The integration and development of a web-based application go beyond simply combining two or more technologies to execute an idea into an interactive interface that also has a visual appeal.
The process of web development comprises two sides namely the Front-End & Back-End. The former is accessed and viewed by the client or user whereas the latter has a database application, which is also why it can be called the server-side of web development.
The database application is responsible for connecting the client requests to the server therefore, it is important that correct web technology is used to streamline the process.
It is also important that a developer should be familiar with both ends so as to deploy each technology effectively that serves and pairs with both ends seamlessly.
1. Client-Side Programming Languages
The two commonly used technology stacks to develop a client-side web-based program are as follows:
2. HTML & CSS
HTML is a combination of hypertext and markup language which is used to do both, define links between web pages and to define the structure of the web pages using text in tags, respectively.
CSS is another programming language that serves the purpose of making the web pages attractively presentable. One can apply styles to the HTML pages using CSS to make them unique and appealing.
4. Server-Side Programming Languages
The server-side of a web-based application can contain any of the following technologies for the programming languages, database handling, and server functionality:
It is a general-purpose dynamic programming language that is object-oriented. It wholly contains objects but also blocks that can be replaced with procs and lambda for fulfilling the required functions.
The python programming language can support various frameworks such as Django, Flask, Pylons, and many more to allow the integration of various systems more effectively. It is a quick programming language and widely used to develop all kinds of web-based applications.
It is one of the oldest yet still a general-purpose programming language that is to date used for back-end development.
This language is specifically developed for web development therefore it allows the execution of PHP code on the server-side. This language is also known as the server-side scripting language and the best framework to work with this language often chosen by developers is ‘laravel’.
It is another widely used and popular programming language that has been developed vastly to support various components and is highly scalable for future expansion or further development.
This is a high-level general-purpose programming language that is purely object-oriented. It is known to provide support to functional programming needs by being a multi-paradigm programming language.
Within this database server, the data is collected and treated as a unit which is used to store and retrieve information that is associated with or related to the query.
This is one of the standard database languages used to create, maintain, and retrieve the relational database which itself serves various purposes.
PostgreSQL has proven to be reliable, feature-rich, and effectively powerful in terms of performance as it is an open-source object-relational database system that is backed by three decades of active development.
It’s a non-relational document-oriented database system which means it provides NoSQL functionality which deems it to use a different method for the retrieval and storage of data.
It serves to fulfill the four types of server requirements namely the reverse proxy server, mail proxy server, and a generic TCP/UDP proxy server while it is based on HTTP.
This provides a high-level scripting language called ‘Pig-Latin’ which is useful for developing data analysis codes. The scripts that are written using this code will process the data stored in HDFS.
Tips On Choosing Correct Web Development Stack
To accurately deploy a web-application, the correct web development technology that will be used can be chosen based on these tips:
1. Ascertain Project Requirements
The size of the project and its complexity should be the differentiating factors wherein for smaller projects one can use Python or Node.js whereas for larger projects you must incorporate various technologies together by expanding your stack to match the project needs.
2. Development Time
Pre-made frameworks that are easy to integrate will help towards completing a project faster when you also add third-party integrations to quicken the overall development speed. For larger projects, you must ensure the compatibility of these different technologies remains effective.
3. Future Scalability
The technologies that you may use should allow for future scalability whether it’s sideways or upwards in the sense that the whole stack shouldn’t be recreated to add a few functionalities.
4. Development Cost
You must ascertain the skills of the web development team first before diving into project development as making them work on a project with a stack that is unfamiliar to them will raise your cost of development quickly while slowing the development process equally.
When developing a web application, the above-stated technologies within web development allows for multiple types of features and functionalities that can serve to provide the user with an interactive environment.
Choose them wisely to avoid typical problems and to ensure the system remains functional for a long period of time.